THE NOTARY PUBLIC LAW OF THE DEMOCRATIC
PEOPLE’SREPUBLIC OF KOREA
Adopted by Resolution No. 51 of the Standing Committee of the
Supreme People’s Assembly on February 2, 1995
Chapter 1. Fundamentals
Article 1. The Notary Public Law of the DPRK shall contribute
to protecting the civil rights and interests of institutions, enterprises, entities
and citizens, and to ensuring security in civil affairs, by facilitating strictest
affirmation of any fact or document of legal significance.
Article 2. A notarial act shall be performed upon application
by any institution, enterprise, entity or citizen.
The State shall ensure that all possible facilities be provided to any institution,
enterprise, entity or citizen presenting an application for a notarial act.
Article 3. The State shall ensure that accuracy and lawfulness
be maintained for any notarial act on the basis of scientific and objective
Article 4. The State shall ensure that the parties who have
applied for a notarial act duly exercise the civil rights vested with them on
an equal footing, and fulfil their respective obligations in good faith.
Article 5. A notarial act shall be performed by a State notary
Any notarial act, for which a citizen of the DPRK residing in a foreign country
has presented an application, shall be performed by the DPRK consular mission
accredited to that country.
Article 6. The State notary offices shall be established in
the seats of provinces (or municipality directly under central authority). They
may also be established in the seats of cities (districts) or counties, as necessary.
Article 7. The Central Court shall exercise a unified guidance
over the notarial act.
Provincial (municipal) courts shall guide performance of notarial acts in areas
within their respective jurisdiction.
Article 8. This law shall be applicable to institutions, enterprises,
entities and citizens of the DPRK, as well as to foreigners and foreign-invested
enterprises within the territory of the DPRK.
Chapter 2. Subjects of Notarial Act
Article 9. The State notary offices shall provide authentication
to such facts and documents as stipulated hereunder:
1. A person’s identity and family relations,
2. Technical and professional qualifications, academic degrees, honorary titles
and intellectual properties,
3. Missing and deceased persons,
4. Property ownership
7. Legal person, commissioning or procuration,
8. Obligations and compensation for damages,
10. Accidents and inspection
11. Names of institutions, bank accounts, signatures and seals,
12. Memorandum of association of enterprises,
13. Original, copy and translation of documents,
14. Preservation of evidence and deposit of property , and
15. Any other facts or documents of legal significance.
Article 10. The State notary offices shall undertake to register
important properties of individuals and foreign-invested enterprise as well
as corporate bodies.
Where the property or legal persons registered undergo any change, they shall
be re-registered for that purpose within 20 days.
Article 11. The State notary offices shall be entrusted with
property deposited for the purpose of debt payment, objects of civil disputes,
security for compensation of damages, and ownerless articles.
Article 12. The State notary offices shall preserve such evidence
in civil cases as is liable to become extinct before the institution of a lawsuit
or proves impossible to be recollected.
Chapter 3. Jurisdiction of Notarial Act
Article 13. The State notary offices located in the seats
of cities (districts) and counties shall conduct the notarial acts, the application
for which is intended to be used in the territory of the DPRK.
The State notary offices in the seats of provinces (or municipality directly
under central authority) shall perform the notarial acts, the application for
which is intended to be used in the territory of the DPRK and /or of any other
Article14. A notarial act shall be performed by the State notary
office that has a jurisdiction over the place of residence or seat of the applicant
In case of applications submitted by several applicants for notarization of
the same subject, any State notary office that has jurisdiction over the place
of residence or seat of any one of the parties concerned may undertake to perform
the notarial act.
Article 15. Any notarial act shall be carried out by a relevant
State notary office, i.e., a notarial act for any building by the State notary
office having a jurisdiction over the location of such a building, any property
which is registered with an institution, enterprise or entity by the office
having a jurisdiction over the seat of any of the foregoing; and any preserved
evidence or deposited property by the office having a jurisdiction over the
place where the said evidence or property lies.
Article 16. The authentication of the missing or the deceased
shall be undertaken by the State notary office that exercises jurisdiction over
the last place of residence of the person concerned, whereas that of testament
shall be conducted by the State notary office that exercises jurisdiction over
the place where the act of testament has taken place.
Article 17. Any authentication concerning a natural disaster,
an accident or conclusion of a contract shall be performed by the State notary
office having jurisdiction over the location of such natural disaster or accident,
or the place where the contract has been concluded.
Chapter 4. Procedures and Methods of Notarial Act
Article 18. An application for a notarial act shall be submitted
to the competent State notary office by the party concerned.
Under an unavoidable circumstance, however, it may be made either by proxy or
by inviting a notary public.
Article 19. The applicant for a notarial act shall submit to
the relevant State notary office a written application, documentary evidence
and certificate of payment of State notarial fee.
The application for a notarial act shall specify such details as the applicant's
name, date of birth, position, place of residence and the subject in question.
Article 20. The State notary office shall, to the extent that
any written application proves insufficient, make sure that the said application
be amended or supplemented within 5 days.
The date on which the application had been submitted for the first time shall
be regarded as the date of application, provided that such an application has
been amended or supplemented within the specified period of time.
Article 21. The State notary office shall deal with the application
within 1 month of its receipt.
Article 22. The State notary office shall check the competence
of the applicant and the truthfulness and lawfulness of details of application
and documentary evidence, summon a witness, as necessary, or demand any exhibit
from an institution, enterprise, entity or citizen. It may refer an expert appraisal
of such exhibit to a relevant specialized organ.
All relevant institutions, enterprises, entities and citizens shall comply with
any demand made by the competent State notary office with regard to the performance
of notarial act.
Article 23. The State notary office shall draft a notarial
deed, provided that the details of application proves accurate and conforms
to legal requirements.
The script of such a notarial deed shall be kept in custody and the copy shall
be handed over to the party concerned.
Article 24. Any notarial act shall be rejected in the cases
1. There exists a dispute between the parties concerned as regards the subject
2. The subject of application proves inconsistent with facts,
3. There exists no evidence, or the evidence, if any, has been faked,
4. The subject of application proves to be confidential,
5. The application has been withdrawn by the applicant, and
6. The State notarial fee has not been paid.
Article 25. Where any notarial act is to be rejected, the reason
and justifications thereof shall be informed to the applicant.
Article 26. Any deposition of property or preservation of evidence
shall be undertaken either by the State notary office or by referring to any
other competent organ.
Cash, securities and precious metals shall be in the custody of a nominated
bank; any poisonous substance in the custody of relevant supervision body; and
any perishable goods shall be sold and exchanged into cash to be deposited at
a bank account; while any evidence shall be preserved in the form of filed records
of interrogation of a witness, or as a record of on-site inspection or of an
expert opinion in writing, or as a picture taken thereof.
Article 27. Any deposited property and preserved evidence shall
be disposed of, pursuant to a judgement or award passed by the court, or be
returned to the rightful person upon elapse of a specified period of time.
Article 28. In case the owner of a deposited property fails
to take back such a property within a specified period of time, the State notary
office may issue a writ of execution.
The executioner of the People's Court shall serve the writ.
Article 29. A notarial document shall be written in the Korean
A foreigner may write a notarial document in his national language.
Article 30. A notary public, who has interest in a notarial
act for which application has been made, shall not conduct the notarial act
An applicant for a notarial act may request replacement of a notary public,
to the extent that such a person has been recognized not to be fair in carrying
out the notarial act concerned, with any other notary public.
The relevant State notary office shall either replace the said notary public
with another person in case the above-mentioned request proves to be reasonable,
or otherwise, reject it.
Article 31. An applicant for a notarial act shall pay the State
notarial fee and other charges as prescribed.
Chapter 5. Complaints against Notarial Act
Article 32. A party who is aggrieved by a notarial act may,
within 5 days of receipt of the notarial deed or the notice of rejection, lodge
a complaint with a court that is located in the seat of the relevant State notary
The court with which the complaint has been lodged shall, within 10 days, review
such a complaint and settle it by passing an award.
Article 33. A party who is still aggrieved at the award passed
by the court may appeal to a higher court within 10 days of receipt of the copy
Article 34. The higher court to which the appeal has been filed
shall, within one month, review it and pass an award in support or rejection
of such an appeal.
Article 35. The State notary office may reinvestigate the subject
of application pursuant to the award of the court, or settle it on the basis
of information and evidence certified by the court.